What Are the Parts of a Wooden Fence Called?

A wooden fence is a timeless addition to any property, offering both privacy and a touch of rustic charm. But have you ever wondered what the individual components that make up a wooden fence are called? However, there are additional components that play crucial roles in the overall structure and aesthetics of the fence, such as the cap board, kick board or mud board, and trim board. So, whether you're a homeowner looking to upgrade your current fence or simply curious about the anatomy of a wooden fence, read on to discover the parts of a wooden fence called and how they contribute to it’s overall structure.

What Is a Fence Made Up Of?

A fence is made up of several parts that work together to create a sturdy and functional structure. The main components include posts, boards, wire, rails, and netting. Lets start with the posts, which are the vertical supports that hold the fence up. These are typically made of wood, metal, or concrete, and are embedded into the ground for stability.

Next, we’ve the boards, which are the horizontal elements that run between the posts. These can be made of various materials such as wood, vinyl, or metal, and are often placed close together to create privacy or spaced apart for a more decorative look.

Wire is another important part of a fence, especially if youre looking to contain animals or secure a larger area. This can be in the form of chicken wire, mesh, or chain link, and is often attached to the posts and boards for added strength.

Rails, on the other hand, are the horizontal elements that run along the top or bottom of the fence. They provide additional support and stability, especially for taller fences. Rails are typically made of wood, but can also be made of metal or vinyl.

Finally, we’ve netting, which is commonly used for specific purposes such as keeping out pests or creating visual barriers. Netting is often made of durable materials like nylon or polyethylene and can be easily attached to the posts or boards.

Overall, the parts of a wooden fence work together to create a secure boundary that enhances privacy, provides safety, and adds visual appeal to any outdoor space. Whether youre looking to keep your pets in, or create a cozy backyard oasis, understanding the different components of a fence can help you make informed decisions when it comes to designing and building your own.

Fence Finishes and Treatments: Discuss the Different Options for Finishing and Treating a Fence to Enhance It’s Appearance and Protect It From Environmental Factors, Such as Staining, Painting, and Applying Sealants.

  • Staining
  • Painting
  • Applying sealants

The face of a fence is the side that’s visible and is often given more attention in terms of appearance. This is the side that’s seen by passersby and neighbors, so it’s usually more aesthetically pleasing. On the other hand, the back of the fence is the side that faces the inside of the property and contains the structural components of the fence.

What Are the Sides of a Fence Called?

What Are the Parts of a Wooden Fence Called? The finished side of a fence is often called the “face” while the unfinished side is called the “back.”. Regardless of whether you paint it or dress it up, the back of the fence is the one that contains the horizontal fence supports (also called stringers) and the in-ground fence posts.

The face of the fence is the side that’s meant to be seen and admired. It’s usually smooth and free from any visible screws or nails. This is the side that most people focus on when they’re designing their fences, as it creates the first impression for visitors and passersby. Many homeowners choose to paint or stain the face of their fence to add a touch of color and enhance it’s overall appearance.

On the other hand, the back of the fence is the side that’s often overlooked or ignored. It’s the side that faces the inside of your property or the neighboring properties. It’s usually left unfinished because it isn’t meant to be aesthetically pleasing. Instead, it’s main purpose is to provide structural support to the fence.

The horizontal fence supports, or stringers, are the essential components that hold the fence boards together. They run horizontally along the back of the fence and provide stability and strength. The in-ground fence posts are the vertical support structures that are buried into the ground to hold the entire fence in place.

Both sides play crucial roles in the functionality and overall appearance of a wooden fence.

What Do You Call the Spikes on a Wrought Iron Fence?

A wooden fence consists of various parts that work together to create a sturdy and appealing structure. Understanding these components is essential for anyone involved in constructing or maintaining a wooden fence. One of the key elements of a wooden fence is the posts. These are vertical members that are buried underground to provide stability and support for the rest of the fence. It’s crucial to ensure that the posts are securely anchored to prevent the fence from sagging or leaning over time.

The boards or pickets form the main visible part of a wooden fence. These are thin, flat pieces of wood that are attached to the rails vertically or horizontally, depending on the desired style. The spaces between the boards can vary according to personal preference and the purpose of the fence. A picket fence, for example, has small gaps between the boards, while a privacy fence has no gaps at all. Proper spacing is essential for ensuring privacy, security, and aesthetic appeal.

Lattice panels are often used as decorative elements in wooden fences. These panels consist of crisscrossed wooden strips or boards, creating a pattern that adds visual interest to the fence. Lattice panels can be placed on top of the fence or used as an accent in specific sections. They provide a touch of elegance and can also serve as a lightweight barrier for climbing plants or a garden.

Lastly, it’s worth mentioning the gate, an essential part of a wooden fence that provides access to the enclosed area. Gates can be made from the same materials as the rest of the fence and feature the same design elements. They typically consist of posts, rails, and boards, but they also have hinges and latches to allow for opening and closing. The gate should be sturdy and well-built to withstand regular use and ensure security.

When it comes to building a wooden fence, there are a few essential supplies you’ll need to get started. These include cedar fence pickets, pressure treated fence posts and rails, rail brackets, fence screws, cement, a shovel, and a post hole digger. With these tools and materials at your disposal, you’ll be well-equipped to tackle your DIY wood fence project.

What Do You Need to Build a Wooden Fence?

When it comes to building a wooden fence, there are a few key components and supplies that youll need to gather. One essential item is cedar fence pickets, which are the individual wooden pieces that make up the main body of the fence. These pickets are typically made from high-quality cedar wood, known for it’s durability and natural resistance to rot and decay.

In addition to the pickets, youll need pressure-treated fence posts. These are typically 4×4 wooden posts that provide structural support and stability for the entire fence. The pressure treatment process helps to protect the wood from moisture, insects, and other potential damage.

Another important supply for building a wooden fence is pressure-treated fence rails. Rail brackets are also necessary to securely attach the rails to the fence posts.

To assemble the fence, youll need fence screws to securely fasten the various components together. These screws are typically made from durable materials, such as stainless steel or galvanized steel, to withstand outdoor elements and prevent rusting over time.

To ensure that your fence remains sturdy and secure, youll also need cement to anchor the fence posts into the ground. Using a shovel and a post hole digger, you can excavate the necessary holes for the posts, and then pour cement into the holes to set the posts in place.

Source: How to Build a Wood Fence In Your Backyard

In addition to pickets, another term often used to describe the components of a fence is “in-fill boards.” These boards are typically used to fill in the gaps between the pickets, providing added privacy and security. Similar to pickets, in-fill boards come in different sizes, thicknesses, and styles, offering homeowners a range of options to suit their specific needs and preferences.

What Are the Things on Fences Called?

Pickets or in-fill boards are the vertical components of a wooden fence that provide both security and aesthetic appeal. These boards are typically made from a durable wood material such as cedar or pine and are evenly spaced along the horizontal rails of the fence.

Another important component of a wooden fence is the post. Posts are the vertical supports that are set into the ground and provide stability for the entire fence structure. They’re usually made of treated wood or metal and can be spaced several feet apart, depending on the design and purpose of the fence.

Rails are the horizontal boards that connect the pickets or in-fill boards to the posts. They serve as the framework of the fence, providing strength and stability.

Caps or post caps are decorative elements that are placed on top of the fence posts. They add a finishing touch to the fence and also help protect the posts from moisture and weathering. Caps are available in a variety of styles and materials, including wood, metal, and vinyl.

Finally, there are the gates, which are the entry points of the fence. Gates are made up of various components, including pickets, rails, and hinges. They’re designed to open and close, allowing easy access to the enclosed area while maintaining security.

The parts of a wooden fence are pickets or in-fill boards, posts, rails, caps or post caps, and gates. Each of these components plays a vital role in creating a functional and visually appealing fence. By understanding the different parts of a wooden fence, homeowners can make informed decisions about the design and construction of their fencing projects.

Different Materials and Styles of Fence Caps

  • PVC fence caps
  • Wooden fence caps
  • Metal fence caps
  • Glass fence caps
  • Stone fence caps
  • Copper fence caps
  • Aluminum fence caps
  • Plastic fence caps
  • Vinyl fence caps


By familiarizing yourself with these various parts, you can make informed decisions and ensure the longevity and durability of your wooden fence.

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